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10-10-2017

Metsamor (Armenia):Preliminary report on teh excavations in 2013, 2014 and 2015

Krzysztof Jakubiak, Ashot Piliposyan, Mateusz Iskra and Artavazd Zaqyan

with appendix: Anthropological research, by Rusanna Mkrtchyan and Hasmik Simonyan

Abstract

The Metsamor excavation project is a Polish–Armenian effort to investigate a Bronze Age citadel site located about 35 km west of Yerevan, on a hill dominating the Araxes plain. Fieldwork started in 2013 and was aimed during the first three seasons at clarifying site chronology in the citadel as well as the northern lower town. An unbroken sequence from the Kura Araxes culture (Early Bronze Age) to medieval times was confirmed. Settlement remains of Early Iron Age buildings included an almost square structure NSB 2 and a dwelling NSB 1, furnished with a relatively large storage room. Four human skeletons, two of young men, were also recorded, suggesting they were victims of a raid on the settlement. The results of recent field observations coupled with pottery analysis postulate two destructive events, for the first time during the Urartian invasion led by Argishti I and the second one at the beginning of the 6th century BC.

Keywords

Metsamor, Ararat plain, Early Iron Age, Urartian, settlement, fortress

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